To resolve the very first collection of research questions about the prevalence of nonheterosexual product on tv, we utilized episode-level information ( e.g., percentages of episodes containing same-sex intimate behavior and containing speak about intercourse associated with nonheterosexuals) and chi-square analyses to look at between-group distinctions with one of these nominal information. When it comes to second collection of research concerns, we utilized just those demonstrates that included nonheterosexual intimate content and evaluated their regularity across 2-minute periods ( ag e.g., wide range of intervals each hour of system time with nonheterosexual intimate talk). Of these analyses, we utilized t-tests or analysis of variance (ANOVA) to try team distinctions. Significant omnibus F-tests had been followed up with post hoc comparisons utilizing Tamhane’s T2 test, which doesn’t assume equal mobile size or equal variance, to recognize significant distinctions across groups.
Prevalence of Nonheterosexual xxxstreams Sexual Information
About one out of six programs within our examples included any sexual content (behavior or talk) associated with nonheterosexuals. Dining Table 1 shows the percentage of indicates that contained any same-sex behavior that is sexual any intimate talk associated with nonheterosexuals by system genres, by sort of system, and also by time of day aired. The 11 stations were classified into one of three categories: commercial broadcast (which included the three major networks ABC, CBS, and NBC as well as Fox, UPN, and WB), cable music entertainment (which included BET and MTV), and premium cable movie (which included Cinemax, HBO, and Showtime) for network type. With regards to time of time broadcast, had been classified as prime-time.
Dining Table 1
Note: Within kind of community and time of day aired, percentages within the exact same line that don’t share subscripts vary at p dining dining dining Table 1 ). More often than not, there clearly was a top level of communication between a genre’s general positions for same-sex intimate behavior and speak about nonheterosexual intimate problems. Also, genres’ standings on both these factors had been fairly stable throughout the two tv periods.
Three genres had been consistently lower in both kinds of nonheterosexual sexual content: Children’s cartoons (none of which included behavior that is intimate intimate talk linked to nonheterosexuals in a choice of 12 months), news mags . 3 Genres that tended to have the greatest proportions of programs with nonheterosexual content had been variety/comedy and film that is feature. Made-for-TV films and programs classified as вЂњotherвЂќ additionally had fairly high proportions with nonheterosexual intimate content; but, both these groups contained just a small amount of programs ), which makes it tough to draw conclusions about them. Consequently, although we consist of these latter two genres within the tables, we try not to emphasize the findings connected with them.
Note: Within types of network and period of day aired, means when you look at the exact same column that don’t share subscripts vary at p 1 For simplicity of presentation, we make use of the term вЂњnonheterosexualвЂќ to mention collectively to all the people whose sexual orientation just isn’t solely heterosexual, including homosexual men, lesbians, and bisexuals of either intercourse.
2 one other intimate behavior category ended up being utilized to recapture all the other kinds of sexual tasks that failed to get into the categories specified flirting, kissing, intimate touching, sexual activity implied, and sexual activity depicted including low-level intimate functions such as for instance leering to high-level intimate functions such as for instance masturbation and bondage and control.
4 Because our examples consist of programs from both broadcast that is commercial cable companies, we utilized a regular device wide range of 2-minute periods per hour of system time instead of amount of 2-minute periods per 1-hour show to evaluate the frequency of intimate behavior and discuss sex linked to nonheterosexuals. This makes up about the undeniable fact that commercials considerably reduce steadily the amount of system content on broadcast networks to about 22 two-minute periods in a program that is one-hour whereas 1-hour cable programs routinely have about 30 two-minute periods.